Prehistory is a very long period. It started when the first human beings appeared on Earth (about 2.5 millions years ago) and it ended with the invention of writing.

But, did all the prehistoric people live in the same way? The answer is, of course, that they didn't.

Basically, we can divide the prehistory into 3 big periods: when prehistoric people were nomads, when they became sedentary and when they learnt how to make metal tools.



NOMADS

The first human beings were nomads; that means that they moved from place to place looking for food and shelter.

  • Food: the first humans hunted animals for food and their skin (clothes), they caught fish and collected plants. They discovered fire, so they could cook some food.

  • Shelter: prehistoric people lived in caves that they painted with pictures of animals.


The first human beings used simple tools made of wood, stone and bones.

Nomads.jpg
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SEDENTARY

As prehistoric people learnt how to grow crops and domesticate animals, they became sedentary: plants can't move!

They started building huts using branches, mud and animal skins, and little by little the prehistoric people started settle down in little villages.

They started making clay pots and cloth.

Sedentary.jpg
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METAL

Finally, the prehistoric people learnt how to use metal to make tools. Metal tools were harder (so better) than tools made out of wood, stone or bone, so they could:

  • work easier and faster.

  • start doing new activities (for example, plowing).


As prehistoric people started building bigger and bigger houses, the first cities were created.


Metal.jpg
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We can review the previous information with the following picture:


Evolution.jpg
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Let's see some real cave paintings!! Click on the picture to visit La Covaciella caves (Asturias - Spain). I hope you like the visit (enter the cave through the little house...).


La Covaciella - Cave Paintings - Virtual Tour.jpg


Would you like to compare human-like beings skulls with a modern human skull? Click on the picture.


Dragging Skulls.jpg
BY THE "NATIONAL HISTORY MUSEUM IN LONDON (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/index.html)


What about visiting the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History in Washington D.C.? In this virtual tour you could learn many interesting facts about our past and also fascinating information about natural history .

Click on the picture to start the virtual tour.


Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.jpg


Maybe is a good idea to watch some videos to ease all this information.


On the first video, you will learn how to make stone tools. Sounds interesting, isn't it?





On the second video, you will learn how to make fire with your hands.





On the third video, you will watch how prehistoric people lived thousands of years ago.





Do you want to check what you have learnt? Go to the games section.