You already know that plants reproduce from seeds, and that seeds are inside fruits.

But, how can plants produce seeds and fruits? And, how can plants reproduce from seeds?

To answer both questions, we have to study the reproduction in plants.

In the reproduction of plants, there are 3 different steps: pollination, fertilization and germination.


Pollination is when the pollen travels from the stamens of one flower, to the stigma of another.

And how can pollen do it? Thanks to animals or the wind:

  • Animal pollination: animals (such as bees and butterflies) are attracted by the colors and the nectar of flowers. So, when animals are drinking nectar from the flower, the pollen sticks to the animals' bodies so it can travel from one flower to another (entering, then, through the stigma).

  • Wind pollination: wind blows the pollen away from one flower to another.


Fertilization is when the pollen enters through the stigma and reaches the ovules inside the ovary. What happen next?

  1. The fertilized ovule grows into a seed.

  2. The petals fell off the flower.

  3. The ovary develops into a fruit that contains the seed.


Germination is the process by which a plant grows from a seed.

A seed needs wet soil and warm temperature to germinate.

The process of germination has 4 stages:

  1. After the seed has fallen down, small roots start growing into the soil.

  2. A small stem grows from the seed.

  3. Two small leaves grow at the top of the stem.

  4. More roots and leaves grow. The stem grows stronger.

Life Cycle of Plant.jpg

What about watching a video of each process to make it easier?




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