You already know that the prehistory ended with the discovery of writing. After that, many important civilizations developed in the world: the Persian empire, the Egyptians, the Greeks, the Roman empire...

It would take a long time to study all these civilizations, that is why we are just going to focus on one: the Roman empire.



SITUATION

The Roman empire started in Italy in the year 27 BC (before Christ) and it fell in the year 476 AC (after Christ). It lasted 500 years. The capital of the empire was Rome.

Roman Empire.jpg
CLICK ON THE PICTURE TO MAKE IT BIGGER
Source: www.en.wikipedia.org

HERITAGE

  • LANGUAGE: Romans spoke Latin. Latin has been very important in Europe, because many European languages are descended from Latin: Spanish, French, Portuguese, Romanian, Italian,...

  • LAW: many laws used today are based on laws used and developed during the Roman empire.


  • ARCHITECTURE: Romans built many buildings and structures. The most important were:

- Aqueducts: they were very similar to bridges. Romans used them to carry water to cities.

- Theaters: Romans used theaters for entertainment.

- Amphitheaters: Romans liked to watch gladiatiors fights.

- Circuses: they were used to watch chariot and horse races.

- Temples: in temples, Romans worshipped their Gods. Romans had many different Gods.

- Roads: they were very important in the Roman empire, as they let soldiers travel fast from one place to another, and also helped trade (the transport of products was easier).


Roman City.jpg
CLICK ON THE PICTURE TO MAKE IT BIGGER


LIFE

In the Roman empire, life was very different for rich and poor people:

  • Rich people lived in big and beautiful houses outside Rome called domus: they were made of bricks and had a tiled roof. Domus were away from the noise and the smell of Rome. Rich people had lots of servants and slaves.

  • Poor people lived in apartment buildings called insulae. Insulae were very small, so all the family members had to live (and sleep) in one room. There wasn't toilets or running water.



The Colosseum is the most famous Roman Amphitheater. Would you like to read how was The Colosseum designed and built?




Source: www.bbc.co.uk/history

And what about checking how does The Colosseum look like now?




Source: www.airpano.com

Time for the videos.

On the first video you will watch how Rome looke like in the year 320 A.C.





On the second video you will watch how a domus looked like.





On the third video you will watch how Romans built their roads.





Time for the games. Go to the games section.